Fire is known by many terms and in many languages. The Firesticks Project uses the term cultural burning to describe burning practices used by Aboriginal people to enhance the health of land and its people. Cultural burning means different things to different people. It could include burning (or preventing burning) for the health of particular species such as native grasses, emu, black grevillea, potoroo, bushfoods, threatened species, or biodiversity in general. It may involve patch burning to create different fire intervals across the country or it could be used for fuel and hazard reduction. It may be used to increase access and amenity for people or as a part of culture heritage management. It is ceremony to welcome people to country or it could also be as simple as a campfire around which people gather to share, learn, and celebrate. However across different communities and lands the following are key considerations:


  • Ensure the┬áright people are involved in planning and implementing fire based on their cultural connections to the land.
  • Teaching young people and passing down knowledge.


  • Being on country, learning by observation and sharing.


  • Embedding cultural connection within contemporary natural resource management practices.
  • Implementing good training, strong partnerships, on ground practices and appropriate techniques.